PSEB 12th Arts Syllabus can be downloaded from here. The subjects like History, Geography & Political Science is written here. The official website of PSEB is www.pseb.ac.in.

Punjab State Board Twelfth Arts Exam Pattern 2018 All Subjects

PSEB has released the notification for the latest update for the students. If you are going to the 2018 exam, then you can check the details from here. We are going to update all the details here. Soon your exams are near & you need to be well prepared so that you can start over it.

Also Read :- Punjab Syllabus 12th Class Commerce 2018

Punjab State Board Twelfth Arts Exam Pattern 2018
Punjab State Board Twelfth Arts Exam Pattern 2018

We have more details for the same. For the preparation of exam, you need to know more about the same. The unit & topics will be described here so that you can check the details from here.

There are so many subjects in the Arts Stream. Some of them are necessary & some are optional. May we could supply all the details that you are finding in the article. So one by one we are giving the PSEB 12th Sr Sec Arts Syllabus 2017-18 .

The PSEB 12th Sr Sec Arts Syllabus 2017-18  is designed for the students so that they can understand the concepts & soon you will be able to get it right. You can check more details from here. You will be able to check the details from here.

PSEB Geography Syllabus & Question Paper for 12th 2018 Board Exam

PSEB has mentioned the subject geography as one of the important subjects which are now given to the 12th arts students in Punjab. We are going to provide you the details of the syllabus from here. The data of topics are given in the tabular form. This table will provide you the details so that you preparation can be made smoothly.

You will be able to know about it for more.

Name of the Unit Topics
 Unit I: Human Geography Nature and Scope
 Unit II: People
  • Population of the world – distribution, density and growth;
  • Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
  • Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition;
  • Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons.
 Unit III: Human Activities
  • Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence
  • agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agriculture and allied activities – some examples from selected countries.
  •  Secondary activities – concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale, large scale; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries.
  • Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries;
  • Quaternary activities – concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged in quaternary activities – some examples from selected countries
 Unit IV:
Transport, Communication and Trade
  • Land transport – roads, railways – rail network; trans-continental railways;
  • Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes;
  •  Air transport – Intercontinental air routes;
  •  Oil and gas pipelines;
  •  Satellite communication and cyber space;
  •  International trade – Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in International trade.
 Unit V:
Human Settlements
 Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.
 B. India: People and Economy
 Unit I:
People
  1. Population – distribution, density and growth; composition of population: linguistic and religious rural-urban population change through time – regional variations; occupation;
  2. Migration: international, national – causes and consequences;
  3.  Human development – selected indicators and regional patterns;
  4.  Population, environment and development
 Unit II:
Human Settlements
  1. Rural settlements – types and distribution;
  2. Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification
 Unit III:
Resources and Development
  1. Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use – major crops; agricultural development and problems, common property resources;
  2.  Water resources – availability and utilization – irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses scarcity of water and conservation methods – rain water harvesting and watershed management (one case study related with participatory watershed management to be introduced)
  3. Mineral and energy resources – metallic and non-metallic minerals and their distribution, conventional and non-conventional energy sources.
  4. Industries – types and distribution; industrial location and clustering; changing pattern of selected industries – iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries. impact of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation on industrial location.
  5. Planning in India – target area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study)
 Unit IV:
Transport, Communication and International Trade
  1. Transport and communication — roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and gas pipelines national electric grids; communication networkings – radio, television, satellite and internet
  2. International trade — changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports
 Unit V:
Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems
  1. Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal;
  2. Urbanisation-rural-urban migration; problem of slums;
  3. Land Degradation.

Punjab State Political Science Syllabus Exam Pattern Intermediate 2018 Board Exam

Political Science Syllabus for the 12th class of Punjab State is given here. The courses introduce the students to the various streams of the discipline of political science: political theory, Indian politics and international politics. Concerns of the other two streams — comparative politics and public administration — are accommodated at different places in these courses.

 Name of the Unit Topics
 Era of One-Party DominanceFirst three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the
national level, uneven dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.
 Nation-Building and Its Problems Nehru’s approach to nation-building: Legacy of partition:
challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir problem. Organisation and re-organisation of states; Political conflicts over language.
 Politics of Planned Development
Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of
new economic interests. Famine and suspension of five year plans. Green revolution and its political fallouts.
 India’s External Relations Nehru’s foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of
1965 and 1971. India’s nuclear programme and shifting alliances in world politics.
  Challenge to and Restoration of Congress SystemPolitical succession after Nehru. Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and reconstitution, Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’.
 Crisis of the Constitutional Order  Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-
constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil liberties organisations.
  Regional Aspirations and ConflictsRise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation. Challenges and responses in the North East
 Rise of New Social Movements Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and
Development-affected people’s movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath.
 Democratic Upsurge and Coalition Politics  Participatory upsurge in 1990s. Rise of the JD and the BJP. Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics. UF and NDA governments. Elections 2004 and UPA government
 Recent Issues and Challenges Challenge of and responses to globalization: new economic policy
and its opposition. Rise of OBCs in North Indian politics. Dalit politics in electoral and non-electoral arena. Challenge of communalism: Ayodhya dispute, Gujarat riots.
 Cold War Era in World Politics Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war.
Arenas of the cold war. Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic order. India and the cold war
 Disintegration of the ‘Second World’ and the Collapse of Bipolarity New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and, Central Asian states, Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India’s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries
 US Dominance in World Politics Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response
to 9/11 and attack on Iraq. Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India’s renegotiation of its relationship with the USA.
 Environment and Natural Resources in Global Politics Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand in global environmental debates.
 Globalisation and Its Critics Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the
nature of consequences of globalisation. Anti-globalisation movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggles against it.

Punjab Board Inter Economics Syllabus 2018 Question Paper

Economics syllabus for Punjab State Board is given here. The candidates who have selected Economics can check the details of the subjects from here. The syllabus for Inter Economics can be seen from here. You can check it from here.

 Name of the Unit  Topics
 Unit I: Introduction What is microeconomics? , Central problems of an economy, production possibility curve and opportunity cost.
 Unit II:
Consumer Behaviour and Demand
  1.  Consumer’s Equilibrium : meaning and attainment of equilibrium through Utility Approach: One and two commodity cases.
  2. Demand : market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve, movement along and shifts in demand curve, price elasticity of demand, measurement of price elasticity of demand – percentage, total expenditure and geometric methods
 Unit III:
Producer Behaviour and Supply
  • Production function : returns to factor and returns to scale
  • Supply: market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve movement along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply, measurement of price elasticity of supply – percentage and geometric methods
  • Cost and Revenue  : Concepts of costs; short-run cost curves (fixed and variable costs; total, average and marginal costs)
  • Concepts of revenue – total, average and marginal revenue and their relationship.
  • Producer’s equilibrium – with the help of MC and MR.
 Unit IV:
Forms of Market and Price Determination
  • Forms of market – perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition – their meaning and features.
  • Price determination under perfect competition – equilibrium price, effects of shifts in demand and supply.
 Unit V:
Simple Applications of Tools of Demand and Supply Curve
 The teachers can be given the flexibility to choose the issues: rationing, floors and ceilings and Food Availability Decline (FAD) Theory
 National Income and Related Aggregates —
Basic Concepts and Measurement
  • Macroeconomics : meaning.
  • Circular flow of income, concepts of GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP (at market price and factor cost), National Disposable Income (gross and net); Private Income, Personal Income and Personal Disposable Income
  • Measurement of National Income –Value Added method, Income method and Expenditure method
 Unit II:
Determination of Income and Employment
  1. Aggregate demand, aggregate supply and their components
  2. Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal)
  3. Meaning of involuntary unemployment and full employment
  4. Determination of income and employment: two sector model
  5. Concept of investment multiplier and its working
  6. Problems of excess and deficient demand
  7. Measures to correct excess and deficient demand – availability of credit, change in government spending
 Unit III:
Money and Banking
  •  Money : meaning, evolution and functions
  • Central bank : meaning and functions
  • Commercial banks : meaning and functions
  • Recent significant reforms and issues in Indian Banking System : privatisation
 Government Budget and the Economy
  • Government budget – meaning and its components
  • Objectives of government budget
  • Classification of receipts – revenue and capital; classification of expenditure – revenue and capital, plan and non-plan, and developmental and non-developmental
  • Balanced budget, surplus budget and deficit budget: meaning and implications
  • Revenue deficit, fiscal deficit and primary deficit: meaning and implications; measures to contain different deficits
  • Downsizing the role of government: meaning and implications
 Balance of Payments
  1. Foreign exchange rate – meaning (fixed and flexible), merits and demerits; determination through demand and supply
  2. Balance of payments accounts – meaning and components
  3. A brief analysis about recent exchange rate issues

If you found the article useful, then you can share it with your friends, so that they can also get the details more efficiently. Check out latest posts for more updates of state board syllabus in www.jobswaale.in

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here