This article is written for Bihar board students who are in 12th standard 2017-18. The unit wise syllabus is given here for the students. The official link for website is www.biharboard.ac.in
Bihar Secondary Education Board Twelfth Sci Syllabus All Subjects 2018
BSEB has released the new updated notification for the 2017-18. The subjects where you want to check the unit wise syllabus is given here. All the updates can be seen here. Here we are going to provide the syllabus subject wise. The exam is coming soon. The date sheet for BSEB 12th exam will be soon declared. Till then you can check the topics from which the question paper will be made.
Also Read :- Bihar Board 10th Exam Syllabus 2018
BSEB Twelfth Science Syllabus Unit wise 2018
The syllabus of BSEB 12th science is divided into three parts.
- Physics
- Chemistry
- Biology
BSEB Physics Syllabus Unit wise Exam 2018
Name of Unit | Topics |
Circular motion | Angular displacement, Angular velocity and angular acceleration, Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, Uniform circular motion, Radial acceleration, Centripetal and centrifugal forces, Banking of roads, Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation, Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion. Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion. |
Gravitation | Newton’s law of gravitation, Projection of satellite, Periodic time, Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion, Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite, Weightlessness condition in orbit, Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, lattitude, depth and motion, Communication satellite and its uses |
Rotational motion | Definition of M.I., K.E. of rotating body, Rolling motion, Physical significance of M.I., Radius of gyration, Torque, Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes, M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes, Angular momentum and its conservation. |
Oscillations | Explanation of periodic motion, S.H.M., Differential equation of linear S.H.M. Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter, Phase of S.H.M., K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M., Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line, Simple pendulum, Damped S.H.M. |
Elasticity | General explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation, Definition of stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Poisson’s ratio, Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation, Determination of ‘Y’, Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials. |
Surface tension | Surface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension. |
Wave motion | Simple harmonic progressive waves, Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves, Change of phase, Superposition of waves, Formation of beats, Doppler effect in sound. 8. Stationary waves Study of vibrations in a finite medium, Formation of stationary waves on string, Study of vibrations of air columns, Free and Forced vibrations, Resonance. |
Stationary waves | Study of vibrations in a finite medium, Formation of stationary waves on string, Study of vibrations of air columns, Free and Forced vibrations, Resonance. |
Kinetic theory of gases and Radiation | Wave theory of light, Huygens’ Principle, Construction of plane and spherical wave front, Wave front and wave normal, Reflection at plane surface, Refraction at plane surface, Polarisation, Polaroids, Plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, Doppler effect in light. |
Interference and diffraction | Interference of light, Conditions for producing steady interference pattern, Young’s experiment, Analytical treatment of interference bands, Measurement of wavelength by biprism experiment, Diffraction due to single slit, Rayleigh’s criterion, Resolving power of a microscope and telescope, Difference between interference and diffraction. |
Electrostatics Gauss’ | Theorem proof and applications, Mechanical force on unit area of a charged conductor, Energy density of a medium, Dielectrics and electric polarisation, Concept of condenser, Capacity of parallel plate condenser, Effect of dielectric on capacity, Energy of charged condenser, Condensers in series and parallel, van-deGraaff generator. |
Current electricity | Kirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer. |
Magnetic effects of electric current | Ampere’s law and its applications, Moving coil galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron. |
Magnetism | Circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron, Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Dia-magnetism, Para-magnetism, Ferro-magnetism on the basis of domain theory, Curie temperature. |
Electromagnetic inductions | Laws of electromagnetic induction, proof of, e = – dØ dt Eddy currents, Self induction and mutual induction, Need for displacement current, Transformer, Coil rotating in uniform magnetic induction, Alternating currents, Reactance and impedance, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) Power in a.c circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance, Resonant circuit, Wattless current, AC generator. |
Bihar Board Chemistry Syllabus 2018 PDF Download
Name of the Unit | Topics Included |
Unit 1: Solid State | Classification of solids based on different forces; molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors and semiconductors and insulators and n and p type semiconductors. |
Unit 2: Solutions and colligative properties | Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties –relative lowering of vapor pressure, Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass. Van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it. |
Chemical thermodynamics and energetic | Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings. Work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, Hess’ law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation. Phase transition, ionization and solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and non spontaneous processes, and equilibrium constant. Second and third law of thermodynamics. |
Unit 4: Electrochemistry | Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell –electrolytic and galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, fuel cells; corrosion. Relation between Gibb’s energy change and emf of a cell. |
Chemical kinetics | Rate of reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenius equation. |
Unit 6: General principles and processes of isolation of elements | Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principle of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron |
Unit 7: p-Block elements |
Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen – preparation, properties and uses; compounds of nitrogen; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phoshorous-allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous; preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3 ,PCl5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen; preparation, properties and uses; Classification of oxides, simple oxides; Ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur; preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphurc acid; industrial process of manufacture, properties anduses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only). Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens; preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structure only). Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration. Occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses. |
Unit 8: d and f Block Elements d-Block Elements |
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation preparation and properties of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4 .
f-Block elements Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Actinoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states. Comparison wit lanthanoids. |
Unit 9: Coordination compounds | Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding; Werner’s theory, VBT, CFT. isomerism, (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems). |
Unit 10 : Halogen derivatives of alkanes (and arenes) |
Haloalkanes :Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Stability of carbocations, R-S and d-l configuration
Haloarenes : Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only) stability of carbocations, R-S and d-l configurations. Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, thrichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT. |
Unit 11 : Alcohols, phenols and ethers Alcohols : |
Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses of methanol and ethanol.
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electro phillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. Ethers : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses. |
Unit 12 : Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids Aldehydes and ketones : |
Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation. Physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
Carboxylic acids : Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses. |
Unit 13: Organic compounds containing nitrogen |
Nitro compounds- General methods of preparation and chemical reactions
Amines : Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. |
BSEB Biology Syllabus Unit wise 2018 Updated 2018
Name of the Unit | Topics Included |
Section I – BOTANY | |
Unit 1: Genetics and Evolution | Chapter 1 – Genetic Basis of Inheritance, Chapter 2 – Gene: its nature, expression and regulation, |
Unit 2: Biotechnology and its application: | Chapter 3 – Biotechnology: Process and Application , |
Unit 3: Biology and Human Welfare |
Chapter 4 – Enhancement in Food Production
Plant Breeding Tissue Culture: Concept of Cellular Totipotency, Requirements of Tissue Culture (in brief), Callus Culture, Suspension Culture. Single Cell Protein. Biofortification. Chapter 5 – Microbes in Human Welfare: Microbes in Household food processing. Microbes in Industrial Production. Microbes in Sewage Treatment. Microbes in Biogas (energy) Production. Microbes as Biocontrol Agents Microbes as Biofertilizers. |
Unit 4: Plant Physiology | Chapter 6 – Photosynthesis, Chapter 7 – Respiration |
Unit 5: Reproduction in Organisms |
Chapter 8 – Reproduction in Plants
Modes of Reproduction (Asexual and Sexual). |
Unit 6: Ecology and Environment | Chapter 9: Organisms and Environment -I : Habitat and Niche |
Bihar Board Mathematics Syllabus 2018 Unit wise
Name of the Unit | Topics |
Mathematical Logic | Statements – Introduction, sentences and statement, truth value of statement, open sentences, compound statement, quantifier and quantified statements, logical connectives : conjunction, disjunction, negation, implication/ conditional, bi conditional, truth tables of compound statements, |
Matrices | Elementary transformation of a matrix revision of co-factor and minor, elementary row transformation, elementary column transformation, inverse of a matrix existence |
Trigonometric functions | Trigonometric equations-general solution of trigonometric equation of the type : sinθ, = 0, cosθ = 0, tanθ = 0, sinθ = sinα, cosθ = cosα, tanθ = tanα, sin2 θ = sin2 α, cos2 θ = cos2 α, tan2 θ = tan2 α, acosθ + bsinθ = C solution of a triangle : polar coordinates, sine rule, cosine rule, projection rule, area of a triangle, application, |
Pair of straight lines | Pair of lines passing through origin combined equation, homo-genous equation, theorem-the joint equation of a pair of lines passing through origin and its converse, acute angle between the lines represented by ax2 +2hxy+by2 =0, |
Circle |
Tangent of a circle-equation of a tangent at a point to
1) standard circle, 2) general circle, condition of tangency only for line y = mx + c to the circle x2 + y2 = a2 , tangents to a circle from a point outside the circle, director circle, length of tangent segments, normal to a circle-equation of normal at a point |
Continuity | Continuity of a function at a point : left hand limit, right hand limit, definition of continuity of a function at a point, discontinuity of a function, types of discontinuity, algebra of continuous functions, continuity in interval-definition, continuity of some standard functions polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic function. |
Differentiation | Revision- revision of derivative, relationship between continuity and different iability-left hand derivative and right hand derivative (need and concept), every different iable function is continuous |
Integration | Indefinite integrals-methods of integration, substitution method, integrals of the various types, integration by parts (reduction formulae are not expected), integration by partial fraction-factors involving repeated and non-repeated linear factors, |
Applications of definite integral | Area under the curve : area bounded by curve and axis (simple problems), area bounded by two curves, volume of solid of revolution-volume of solid obtained by revolving the area under the curve about the axis (simple problems). |
Differential equation | Definition-differential equation, order, degree, general solution, particular solution of differential equation, formation of differential equation-formation of differential equation by eliminating arbitary constants |
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